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Sole Proprietorship in Ghana

Ghana is among the largest economies in Latin America, with a Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of around US$ 183 billion. The country possesses extensive natural resources in agriculture and energy. With a vast territory of 2.8 million square kilometers, Ghana has fertile lands, lithium and gas reserves, and a high potential for renewable energy.

The country is a major food producer, boasting large-scale agricultural and livestock industries. Furthermore, Ghana offers significant opportunities in specific manufacturing subsectors and high-tech industries that provide innovative services. Thus, businesses can benefit from Ghana’s diverse economy by tapping into its agricultural, manufacturing, and high-tech sectors, offering growth, innovation, and market expansion opportunities.

Despite minimal foreign direct investment or exposure to international financial markets, Ghana has witnessed significant economic growth in recent years. Foreign companies must thoroughly understand the market and seek local assistance to exploit the country’s robust economic fundamentals.

This article will provide you with a guide on how to register a sole proprietorship in Ghana, including the associated sole proprietorship in Ghana costs. Additionally, it will provide you with an overview of the tax and legal considerations for a sole proprietorship in Ghana.

Who Can Be a Sole Proprietor in Ghana? 

To register a sole proprietorship in Ghana, only Ghanaian citizens 18 or older are eligible. Before registration, a Tax Identification Number (TIN) is required for sole proprietorship taxes in Ghana. Individuals who do not have a Tax Identification Number (TIN) can obtain one by submitting a scanned copy of a valid government-issued photo identification card, such as a national ID card, passport, voters’ ID card, or driver’s license.

To become a registered taxpayer, interested individuals must complete a registration form and submit it to the Ghana Revenue Authority.

Benefits of Sole Proprietorship in Ghana

Ghana has become a favorable destination for international investors due to its various advantages. If you want to register self-employed in Ghana, you must know that numerous advantages make it an appealing option for entrepreneurs.

  • Ghana’s political stability is widely accepted, with a democratic system in all institutions. This means that both local and foreign businesses can suggest regulation improvements without fear through appropriate channels. The Ghana Investment Promotion Center is responsible for promoting laws that attract and protect businesses.
  • Ghana’s media is considered one of the most liberated in Africa and plays a vital role in business activities. Businesses can thrive through advertisements on various platforms such as television, radio stations, newspapers, and the Internet.
  • The country’s sustained political stability has created a peaceful business growth environment. Ghana’s education sector is expanding in quality and quantity, with the most significant portion of the government’s annual budget allocated to education. This has created a skilled labor force, making Ghana an attractive destination for tertiary students across West Africa and providing businesses with a large pool of bright students and graduates to recruit.
  • Ghana has created a positive and competitive business environment that supports and encourages business growth. The Ghana Investment Promotion Center and other agencies have been crucial in attracting foreign businesses to Ghana, increasing public and private business enterprises. This makes Ghana the most competitive business place and a favorable investment destination for foreign businesses in Africa.
  • The Ghanaian government has streamlined bureaucratic procedures and reduced hurdles faced during offshore company registration. Although corrupt and fraudulent practices still exist, setting up a company in Ghana is more transparent and efficient due to decreased bureaucratic obstacles.
  • Businesses in Ghana are highly valued due to a rapidly increasing skilled labor force. New business ventures are usually welcomed and receive a friendly reception from the Ghanaian public, despite unemployment remaining a significant challenge.

The abovementioned measures have simplified doing business in Ghana, making it more accessible for local entities and foreign investors. Consequently, registering as self-employed in Ghana has become more effortless and less complicated than in previous years.

Documents Required for Registering Your Business in Ghana 

Setting up a sole proprietorship in Ghana is one of the simplest forms of business to start up. The first step is to select a suitable business name. Afterward, one can visit The Registrar General Department (RGD) in person or apply online by submitting the required documents.

  • Filled out registration form A
  • Re-registration form A
  • Registration form D
  • A valid identification card such as a Ghana card, passport, or a voters identification card

Other Criteria for Registering a Sole Proprietorship in Ghana

If you wish to register as self-employed in Ghana through Ghana’s Registrar General Department, you can follow these steps:

  • Download Form A, complete it, sign it, scan it, and submit the result
  • Visit the website’s link for entity registration
  • Click the “Create a new” button to check if the desired name is available. Select “make name reservation” from the menu if it is not already taken.
  • Fill out the required fields.
  • Form A has been scanned, completed, and signed
  • Use GEPP to make an online payment
  • You will receive SMS updates on the status of your application
  • Create the associated documents, including the e-certificate

How to Register a Sole Proprietorship Company in Ghana? 

For individuals curious about the registration process for establishing a sole proprietorship in Ghana, there are specific steps to follow based on sole proprietorship Ghana law. While the process may appear simple, it is crucial to comply with the requirements for registering a sole proprietorship in Ghana.

Step 1: Obtaining a TIN (Tax Identification Number)

The first step to starting a sole proprietorship in Ghana is to obtain a Tax Identification Number (TIN). This is required for all businesses operating in Ghana to ensure compliance with tax regulations. If the business owner already has a TIN as an individual, it can be used for a sole proprietorship.

To apply for a TIN, the sole proprietor can download the registration form from the Ghana Revenue Authority’s website at The form should be filled out with the necessary information and submitted to one of the following agencies:

  • Registrar General’s Department
  • Domestic Tax Revenue (Income Tax & VAT) Office
  • Customs Division Office

The form must be accompanied by several documents, including a copy of a valid national ID, a copy of a valid voter’s ID, a certificate or letter of business registration, and copies of the picture page of a valid driver’s license and a valid passport.

Step 2: Taxpayer registration certificate

Once you complete all the necessary registration procedures and submit the required documents, you will receive your registration certificate. Your Taxpayer Identification Number (TIN) certificate will be available for pick up within 2-7 working days after you complete the formalities above to register as self-employed in Ghana.

Step 3: Reservation of business name

To register and reserve a business name, you must apply to the Registrar General’s Department at least two months before starting your business. A business name may not be necessary if the company is registered under your name.

To complete the registration process for a sole business proprietorship, you must follow these steps:

  1. Obtain a prescribed Form A, which can be paid for and collected from the Registrar General’s Department.
  2. Fill out the form and submit it to the in-house bank at the RGD.
  3. Once your registration is complete, you can collect your registration certificate and a verified copy of the registration form.

It is important to note that company registration certificates must be renewed annually.


Ghana’s growing economy has made it a desirable destination for foreign investors who want to establish their businesses. Setting up a sole proprietorship in Ghana is a straightforward process, making it an attractive option for local and international investors. Moreover, there are numerous advantages for companies operating in Ghana, which creates new opportunities for entrepreneurs to start their ventures.

Multiplier provides reliable and secure Employer of Record (EOR) solutions, making hiring and managing foreign employees easier. Furthermore, Multiplier simplifies the payroll management process for freelancers with their convenient one-click payment systems, which can benefit sole proprietorships in various countries.

Frequently Asked Questions

Sole proprietorships in Ghana tax include income tax, value-added tax (VAT), and withholding tax.

To register as self-employed in Ghana, you must meet various legal requirements, including obtaining necessary licenses and permits, complying with labor laws, and maintaining proper financial records.

No, foreign nationals are not allowed to start a sole proprietorship in Ghana.

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