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Sole Proprietorship in Estonia

Estonia is a country in Northern Europe known for its dense forests and agriculture. Formally known as the Republic of Estonia, the country flourishes in various industrial sectors and aids in providing entrepreneurs with lucrative opportunities.

One of the fastest-growing countries in Northern Europe, the country provides a suitable climate for global markets to rise. According to The World Bank reports, the country has been ranked 98th among other major economies worldwide. 

Estonia provides opportunities for small-scale enterprises and large-scale ventures and has a GDP of $37.2 billion. Tallinn and Tartu are the largest metropolises and are popular for scientific contributions. 

The country provides a large population and a youth workforce willing to work in several industrial sectors. Estonian business modules and enterprises focus on social security systems, severance pay, and other benefits. Establishing a business organization in Estonia can be exciting, and if you are searching for how to register a sole proprietorship in Estonia, read the article. 

Who can be a Sole Proprietor in Estonia?

A Sole Proprietor is a person in the business structure who can own and operate their business individually. The person is responsible for sole proprietorship taxes in Estonia, payrolls, and finances and plays a vital role in decision-making. The person is liable for debts, losses, and other risks that arise in the company. 

The business sectors run independently and focus on business growth, credit, and company profits. The country’s citizens and foreigners both are eligible to set up a sole proprietorship in Estonia. However, a foreigner requires a residency permit and registration to establish a sole proprietorship in Estonia.

The individual needs to register with companies or submit the application to the E-business Register. A sole proprietor needs to provide the details, which include the company’s name, address, and registered office. After completing the registration procedure, the sole proprietor must apply for an activity license and register with the Tax and Customs Board

Benefits of Sole Proprietorship in Estonia

There are several benefits of sole proprietorship in Estonia. Some of the advantages are listed below. 

  • Setting up a sole proprietorship in Estonia is comparatively easy as it has a low-cost process and requires less documentation and details. 
  • There is no minimum capital requirement, and the decision-making power remains in the hands of the proprietor. 
  • There is a zero-tax policy on undistributed and reinvested profits; the tax on distributed profit is 20%. 
  • Due to the zero-tax policy, opportunities for reinvestment are provided to entrepreneurs who can focus on the company’s development. 
  • Estonia, a member of the European Union, provides opportunities to work in the European market. 
  • The sole proprietor can create an electronic resident card in the country to help them view and control business operations, including document signing and payrolls. 

Documents Required For Registering Your Business in Estonia

The important documents required for setting up a sole proprietorship in Estonia are listed below. 

  • A copy of the fee receipt is required
  • Memorandum of Association
  • Articles of Association is needed to be notarized
  • To start a sole proprietorship in Estonia, the requirements include an official address proof, visa and passport, the employer’s name, surname and company name. The government has provided the basic rules for creating a foreign residential permit.
  • Board resolution, investment plans, production plans, and bank certificates are required to be submitted by the proprietor.   

Other Criteria for Registering a Sole Proprietorship in Estonia

The other criteria for a sole proprietorship in Estonia include: 

  • A sole proprietor, especially a foreign resident businessman, must always register with the Company Registration Office and submit documentation like land lease agreements, employment agreements and non-disclosure agreements. 
  • The sole proprietor needs to provide a registered place of residence and a copy of the company’s trademark.
  • Licenses and special permits need to be obtained as a sole proprietor.  
  • The sole proprietor must keep records of tax and accounting in the company. 
  • Register with the Tax and Customs Board as a VAT payer if the company’s turnover crosses €40,000.
  • Business insurance is crucial to restoring the business enterprise from incurring debts and loans. The sole proprietor needs to focus on the company’s security, take preventive measures and understand the sole proprietorship law in Estonia.

How to Register a Sole Proprietorship Company in Estonia

If you are searching for how to register a sole proprietorship in Estonia,  you need to follow the steps given below. 

Step 1: Planning and registering the company name 

  • Knowing about sole proprietorship taxes in Estonia and creating business strategies and financial planning is vital. 
  • Pick up a unique name for the company and register it online in the e-Business Register with a digital signature. The name of the company in Estonia must be in Latin letters.

Step 2: Decide the business activity address

  • The proprietor has to choose an EMTAK code (Estonian Classification of Economic Activities ) which identifies the main area of activity of the company. This code will also aid in fulfilling various other requirements and determining the company’s licenses.

Step 3: Company registration

  • Next, you must submit an online application for company registration through an e-business portal or API service provider. 
  • Fill up the registration form with all personal and business information, including the business name of the sole proprietor, the registered office and address of the company, the date of the start and end of the financial year, and the sole proprietor’s name, contact details and personal identification code.
  • An amount of €265 must be paid as a state fee to the Ministry of Finance, Estonia.
  • After submitting the registration application, the Court of Estonia will decide through email. 

Step 4: Set up a bank account

  • The proprietor needs to open a bank account for the company’s banking needs and payroll processes of the employees.
  • It is mandatory for a sole proprietor to get an EU IBAN account through an EU-licensed fintech company if the company does not have a business bank account in the European Economic Area (EEA). 


Multiplier is a reliable and seamless option that provides guidance and makes you stay hassle-free with payroll processes. The professionals provide customer support and cater to managing payments and freelancers. Multiplier provides EOR and PEO services to all its customers across 150+ countries and helps its advising on legal and business matters.

Frequently Asked Questions

To get a business license for a sole proprietorship in Estonia, you must register online or with government authority and submit all necessary details, including personal and business documents.

A sole proprietorship in Estonia does not require a minimum capital for its establishment, but the government provides investors with attractive deals and policies. A sole proprietor needs to create a registration certificate and e-residence copy.

Yes, while setting up a sole proprietorship in Estonia, the employers need to have a physical office in the country and also provide their address to the government during registration.

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