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Payroll in Ecuador

Payroll in Ecuador

Ecuador is one of the largest economies in Latin America. It is an emerging country with an upper-middle-income economy. The GDP of the country is $108.398 billion, making it the 63rd largest country in the world in terms of GDP. Ecuador’s economy predominantly depends on industries like agriculture, aquaculture, and petroleum.

The country is highly dependent on petroleum resources. It allows you to set up a company in the affiliated industries and leverage the opportunity. Additionally, the country promotes foreign investments, allowing you to explore other industries. 

Ecuador is known for its commercial potential, and its location gives you the additional advantage of serving the nearby localities. The country has an employment rate of 64.3% and a good population of youth. Hence, it is easy to find young and talented individuals who can contribute to the company. However, before you hire them, you should have a standard payroll process in place. This will help you in onboarding the employees easily. When you set up a business, ensure that you adhere to all the payroll policies and procedures in Ecuador. 

You must check the Ecuador payroll requirements to incorporate any of these companies. The payroll requirements of the company differ based on the size of the organization and the number of employees. Once you understand the requirements, you can establish a payroll in Ecuador.

Read on to understand the payroll rules and regulations in Ecuador to ensure that you set up a compliant payroll in Ecuador. 

How is Payroll Calculated in Ecuador?

There are different components of an HR payroll in Ecuador. Some of the most critical components include the gross salary, net salary, allowances, and payroll deductions in Ecuador, like taxes, social security, etc. 

Most companies that are in Ecuador try using a payroll system to make all their payroll-related computations. If the business is huge and has abundant resources, it can afford to hire a specialized team to look into the Ecuador payroll process. As a result, the needs of the company and the budget they have in place for payroll determines how they calculate their payroll in Ecuador. 

All companies follow Ecuador’s payroll process flow chart as it aids them in calculating all the payroll components for their employees. The companies also must pay the payroll taxes as per the Ecuador payroll tax rate. 

Important Elements of Salary Structure in Ecuador

Let’s look at some of Ecuador’s most essential elements of the salary structure.

Cost to Company

The cost to a company, also known as the CTC of the employee, is the amount the company spends on onboarding an employee. The CTC encompasses all the elements of the compensation structure. 

Gross salary

The gross salary shows the maximum earning potential of an employer in an organization. However, it shows the amount before making any payroll deductions in Ecuador. 

Net salary

Net salary is the amount deposited into the employees’ bank accounts. The amount is calculated after all the statutory deductions, like Ecuador employer payroll taxes and social security deductions, are factored in. 

Basic salary

The basic salary accounts for almost 40% of an employee’s salary. It also acts as a base for calculating other elements of the payroll in Ecuador, like allowances, bonuses, etc. An employee’s basic pay depends on the company policy and the prevailing industry standards. 


Ecuador offers different kinds of allowances to its employees. These allowances help the employees cover their expenses to perform their job effectively. The primary objective of these allowances is to take the additional burden off the employees’ shoulders. 


Bonus is an important part of the payroll in Ecuador. A 13th-month salary is payable as an annual bonus to all employees working in the organization. 

How to Set Up a Payroll in Ecuador?

If you plan to set up payroll in Ecuador, follow a few steps. You must also have a payroll compliance checklist for Ecuador to ensure you get all the steps. 

  • Step 1: Decide on the type of company you want to incorporate in Ecuador. The choice will depend on your budget and the activities you want to carry out in the country. 
  • Step 2: Collect all the important business documents like the Articles of Association and information of the shareholders and submit them to the Registrar of Companies. Reach out to the authorities again to collect the certificate of incorporation. 
  • Step 3: Once you have a business in Ecuador, you must register all your employees with the country’s social security and taxation systems. You must also make timely payments to the government bodies that manage these funds. 
  • Step 4: You also need to open a bank account in a local bank in Ecuador. This bank account will help you run an efficient payroll in Ecuador. 
  • Step 5: Now, you can verify the timesheets of all the employees to calculate their overtime payments. Once you have the amounts with you, you can start computing the gross pay for the employees. 
  • Step 6: Once you calculate the gross pay, you must factor in all the payroll deductions in Ecuador to arrive at the net pay for the employees. 
  • Step 7: Select a payroll system in the country that will serve all the payroll needs of the company as well as the payroll needs of the organization. You must standardize a payroll procedure in Ecuador once you choose a system. 
  • Step 8: It is important to choose a payroll cycle as it is an important part of the Ecuador payroll requirements. 

A Step-by-step Process of Payroll Processing in Ecuador

Let’s look at the Ecuador payroll process to understand how to do payroll in Ecuador.

Choose a payroll system

  • Ecuador offers different kinds of payroll systems to companies. To choose the right payroll system, you must define the company’s objectives and the budget for the entire activity. 
  • The company’s size is also significant in deciding the payroll system.
  • You can choose from various manual, outsourced, and software systems. 

Draft an Ecuador payroll guide

  • It is vital to have a document that states the payroll policies and procedures in Ecuador. 
  • You must factor in the labor laws and the collective bargaining agreements while designing the Ecuador payroll guide. 

Register the employees with the payroll system

  • Once you decide on the payroll system, you must register all your employees with the system. 
  • You must add all the important information, like name, date of birth, date of joining the organization, etc., for all the employees on the payroll system. 
  • You must also define a payroll cycle to ensure timely payments.

Verify the timesheets

  • You must verify the employees’ timesheets to determine the compensation components, like overtime.
  • Calculate all the other components of the salary and factor in all the payroll deductions in Ecuador while making these calculations. 


  • Payroll reconciliation is crucial to execute real-time modifications and avoid errors
  • Before paying employees their salaries, you must verify their personal information.

Send the payslips

  • You must generate the employees’ payslips as soon as the payroll calculations are in place.
  • You can either share these slips via mail or use payroll management software to disburse the payslips.

Payroll Contributions

All the payroll contributions are based on the payroll rules and regulations in Ecuador. Let’s have a look at all the essential payroll taxes in Ecuador. 

Minimum wages

  • Minimum wages are the bedrock of the payroll in Ecuador. The Government of Ecuador mandates the payment of a minimum wage to all employees. 
  • The minimum wage in Ecuador for all economic sectors is USD 450 per month.


  • In Ecuador, a week’s work is limited to 40 hours. As a result, they work 8 hours a day, five days a week.
  • In Ecuador, several collective bargaining agreements govern overtime compensation.
  • Workers are permitted to work up to four hours of overtime per day and twelve hours per week.
  • Employees are paid either 150% or 200% of their regular income, depending on the type of work done during the extra hours.

Employer contribution

All the employers in Ecuador contribute to different social security accounts on behalf of their employees. These contributions are a part of the CTC of the employee and are directly paid to the organizations by the company where the employee works. 

Payroll Contribution


Social Security


Reserve Fund (Post 1 year)


Hence, an employee’s total contribution is 20.48% of the employee’s pay. 

Employee contribution

Employees also contribute to social security from their earnings. These contributions are deducted from employees’ pay as they are directly payable to the bodies managing them. 

Payroll Contribution


Social Security



All employees must pay the payroll tax in Ecuador. The Ecuador payroll tax rate depends on the employee’s income level. Also, the employees must submit their yearly tax returns after they pay their taxes to the Government.

Income Slab

Tax Rate

0-11,310 USD


11,310.01 USD – 14,416 USD


14,416.01 USD – 18,018 USD


18,018.01 USD – 21,630 USD


21,630.01 USD – 31,630 USD


31,630.01 USD – 41,630 USD


41,630.01 USD – 51,630 USD


51,630.01 USD – 61,630 USD


61,630.01 USD – 100,000 USD


100,000 USD and Above



  • Every year on Christmas, all employees in Ecuador receive bonuses.
  • The bonus amount represents one-twelfth of the employee’s total annual pay. The sum does not, however, include the social security amount.
  • Also, long-term employees are eligible for a discharge bonus.

Payroll Cycle

Employees in Ecuador receive their paychecks at the end of each month according to a monthly payroll cycle. It is a good practice to provide the payslips to the workers after they receive their money.

Ecuador Payroll Options for Companies

Internal payroll

Large companies in Ecuador have a considerable workforce with a dedicated team to manage payroll. The in-house manages the process manually. 

Remote payroll

Subsidiary companies have the option to add all of their employees to the payroll of the parent company. However, all the employees will come under the purview of the payroll policies in Ecuador. 

Payroll processing companies

Several payroll processing companies in Ecuador can help you with the payroll process. However, you will have to take care of compliance-related issues. 

Global PEO

You can contact a global PEO like Multiplier if you want to hand over the responsibility of the payroll to someone and focus on the company’s expansion. 

Entitlement and Termination Terms

The employment contract should specify the employee’s rights and include termination clauses, to prevent issues. Pay, working conditions, holiday time, and other benefits are all part of an employee’s rights. The employer must justify an employee’s termination. Employers should have a compelling legal justification before terminating workers:

  • The employer and the employee shall mutually agree upon termination of the agreement.
  • If the person committed dishonesty while they were working there.
  • Whenever there is a structural change in the company

The letter of termination that the employer provides to the employee must include the reason for termination. Businesses are required to offer severance pay to fired employees as a benefit.

Ecuador Payroll Processing Company

Even if starting a business in Ecuador is straightforward, you must still be familiar with the local laws and practices. Subject matter experts can help you through the procedure by phone or in person.

For more information on the regional legislation and rules governing Ecuador’s payroll systems, contact a PEO company like Multiplier. Keep your options open if you’re looking for the best payroll services. 

How Multiplier Can Help with Global Payroll

While setting up a payroll in Ecuador, adherence to local labor laws and regulations is crucial. But you can rapidly set up a compliant payroll system with the right advice and professional assistance.

Businesses worldwide create efficient and effective payroll systems using Multiplier. Our team of professionals will assist you in setting up a payroll system that satisfies the requirements of both the employer and the employees. Contact a worldwide PEO like Multiplier to learn more about your payroll needs.

Frequently Asked Questions

The standard VAT rate in Ecuador stands at 12%.

The financial compensation ranges from a minimum of 3 monthly payments to a maximum of 25 monthly payments. While providing severance pay is not mandatory in Ecuador, companies pay severance pay.

The employees pay 9.45% of their regular salary towards social security in Ecuador.

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