Croatia is a popular hub for foreign investors looking to set up businesses abroad. The country has been part of the European Union since 2013. Trade with the EU contributes 68% of the export and import scene in Croatia. Its most important trade partners are Germany, Italy, and Slovenia. Croatia shares trade ties outside the EU zone with Serbia, Bosnia & Herzegovina, and China.
The local government has framed relaxed tax norms to encourage offshore business. In Croatia, corporate tax rates are visibly low. Turnover until EUR 1 million yearly has a 10% rate for profit tax.
The free trade zones propel businesses to establish a sole proprietorship in Croatia. Being part of the Central European Time zone makes it viable to set up a sole proprietorship in the country since both the USA and Europe have become accessible markets.
The registration formalities for sole proprietorships are easy to draft. Croatia holds 51st rank among 190 economies on the Ease of Doing Business list.
Setting up a sole proprietorship in Croatia can benefit companies looking to give wings to their business globally. Read here how to register a sole proprietorship in Croatia and related considerations.
Who can be a Sole Proprietor in Croatia
A sole proprietorship, also known as obrt in Croatia, refers to any single-person entity for trading. These firms are always individually owned and controlled. An entrepreneur has zero liability in terms of board formation or capital contributions. There is the freedom to enjoy all profits.
There are no stringent eligibility criteria for setting up a sole proprietorship in Croatia. However, developing a culture-specific understanding of the same helps.
Benefits of Sole Proprietorship in Croatia
The country has few norms if you want to register a business in Croatia as a self-employed or individual. The top benefits of a sole proprietorship are-
- These are easy to set up and relatively inexpensive to maintain compared to other business forms.
- The documentation involved is affordable.
- Proprietors can get the needed permissions for a business before they engage in a long wait.
- Record maintenance, as well as obligations for taxation, are relatively easy to manage.
- Proprietors have control over every part of the business.
- In the context of zero legal separation of the proprietor and business, the owner gets all profits.
Documents Required for Registering Your Business in Croatia
The documents needed to register a sole proprietorship in Croatia are as follows:
- A valid ID or passport of owner via copies
- Vocational qualifications for all associated craft-based businesses
- The registration forms available at the business registration office in Croatia
- Proof permitting the use of premises
- Decision on Entry in the Register of Craft Business in Croatia
- Payment proofs
Other Criteria for Registering a Sole Proprietorship in Croatia
To set up a sole proprietorship in Croatia, you must remember the following points:
- You need to own and operate a bank account for business activities
- Croatian ID
- Registration with the tax department
- Passport or relevant ID
- Translated documentation
- Court register entry application
- Social security registration
Once the proprietorship is set up, a few things must replace the business activity.
- Tax registration- Once a company is incorporated, it must be registered at the Tax Administration Office.
- Obtain permits or licenses- You will require licenses to operate in specific industries.
- All documents must be notarized.
The list of the significant taxes for an entity in Croatia are-
- Corporate tax at 18%
- Corporate tax at 10% for small businesses having a turnover of less than 995,421.06 Kuna
- VAT at 25% and 5% for specific goods and services
- Income tax at 20 to 30% at a progressive rate
How to Register a Sole Proprietorship Firm in Croatia?
To register a company in Croatia, you can follow these steps:
Step 1: Company name selection
- Visit HITRO.HR, an entrepreneurial service at any Croatian Financial Agency or Fina branches.
Step 2: Document certification
- Begin with making an application of entry into the court register called the PO form. Mention ownership details and specify the address of the proprietorship.
- Keep your identity proof handy, such as a passport.
Step 3: Registration on Court Register
- The application for registration in the court register gets submitted at the HITRO.HR window at Financial Agency, with all supporting documents.
- Check for approved registration on the website of the register.
Step 4: Opening local bank account
- Open a bank account for initiating business activities for the sole proprietorship.
Step 5: Social Security registration
- Submit the form M-11P at the office of the Croatian Pension Insurance Institute. Alternatively, you can do the same electronically with form eM-11P within 24 hours post-initiation of business.
- Submit the Contribution Debtor Application called the Tiskanica 1 on the Croatian Health Insurance Institute at the Financial Agency by 15 days from the date of business initiation.
Step 6: Registration with tax administration
- After registering in court, register and get registered with the Tax Administration and complete the registration on the Registry of Corporate Taxpayers and the Registry of VAT-Registered Persons.
How can Multiplier Help you?
A sole proprietorship in Croatia does not need specific capital requirements or stringent criteria linked. However, it requires in-depth knowledge regarding local rules and regulations associated with starting a business in the country.
This is where you may get in touch with Multiplier, a global employment solution for sole proprietors. It offers reliable EOR solutions to ease international employees’ recruitment and management processes.