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Rwanda Employment Guide

Your quick guide on talent and labor compliance norms in Rwanda




Rwandan Franc (RWF)


Kinyarwanda, French, Swahili, and English

Payroll Frequency


GDP per Capita


Employer Tax


Talent Overview

The Republic of Rwanda is a country in East Africa and between the Great Rift Valley of Central Africa. The country has seen significant growth in GDP from 2017 to 2020; there has been significant growth after 2021. The Republic of Rwanda has a score of 57.1, making the country’s economy the 105th freest country in 2022. The country also holds the rank of 16th among 47 countries in the Sub-Saharan Africa region in economic development.

Major economic hubs:

Kigali, Butare, Gitarama, Ruhengeri

Skills in demand:

General Managers, HR Professionals, Software engineers

Rwanda Map

Local Universities

The top local universities in Rwanda are as follows:

Rwanda Uni1

University of Rwanda


Local: 1

World : 4277

Rwanda Uni2

University of Global Health Equity


Local: 2

World : 6305

Rwanda Uni3

Kibogora Polytechnic


Local: 3

World : 8967

Rwanda Uni4

Institut d’Enséignement Supérieur de Ruhengeri (Ruhengeri Institute of Higher Education)


Local: 4

World : 9291

Rwanda Uni5

Université Libre de Kigali (Kigali Independent University)


Local: 5

World : 9683

Salary Data

Some of the common jobs with the average salary in Rwanda are mentioned below:

Job Title Average Monthly Salary (RWF) Average Monthly Salary ( USD)
Financial Manager 1,330,000 RWF 1278.29 USD
General Manager 1,200,000 RWF 1153.34 USD
Business Development Manager 1,020,000 RWF 980.34 USD
Business Analyst 855,000 RWF 821.76 USD
Financial Analyst 842,000 RWF 809.26 USD
Project Manager 773,000 RWF 742.95 USD
Rwanda Talentsource

Talent Sourcing Tips

Top Local Job Boards:

JobIsland, Kora, Kaleta

Number of LinkedIn users:


Top Recruitment Agencies:

CareerOptions, Rightseat

Employing in Rwanda

There are statutory laws to hire an individual from Rwanda. The employer must know about the specific labor laws, leaves, allowances, and bonuses. This section provides all the information for the employer.

Employee Contract

The employment contract must be in one of the official languages of Rwanda—Kinyarwanda, French, Swahili, or English.

Probation Period

The probation period in Rwanda may not exceed more than 6 months.

Public and Provincial Holidays

Date Name Type
1 Jan New Year Public Holiday
2 Jan Day After New Year’s Day Public Holiday
1 Feb National Heroes’ Day Public Holiday
29 Mar Good Friday Public Holiday
1 Apr Easter Monday Public Holiday
7 Apr Tutsi Genocide Memorial Day Public Holiday
10 Apr Eid al-Fitr (Tentative Date) Public Holiday
1 May Labor Day Public Holiday
17 Jun Eid al-Adha (Tentative Date) Public Holiday
1 Jul Independence Day Public Holiday
4 Jul Liberation Day Public Holiday
2 Aug Umuganura Day Public Holiday
15 Aug Assumption of Mary Public Holiday
25 Dec Christmas Day Public Holiday
26 Dec Boxing Day Public Holiday

Employee Leaves

Type of Leave Time Period Mandatory
Annual/Earned Leave 21 days Yes
Sick Leave Up to 15 days Yes
Maternity Leave 12 Weeks Yes


Payroll 1

Payroll Cycle

The payroll cycle in Rwanda is Monthly.

Payroll 2

Minimum Wage

The minimum wage in Rwanda is 100RWF per day.

Payroll 3

Overtime Pay

The overtime pay must be 125% of the regular salary in Rwanda.


13th Month Pay

Rwanda has no statutory law for 13th-month pay.

Employee Benefits

  • Annual Leaves
  • Maternity Benefits
  • Pension


Employer Payroll Tax

Fund Contribution
Social Security 5%

Employee Payroll Tax

Fund Contribution
Social Security 3%

Employee Income Tax

Annual Taxable Income Tax Income Tax Rate
From 0 to 60,000 RWF 60,000 RWF 0
From 60,001 to 100,000 RWF 40,000 RWF 20%
Above 100,001 RWF 30%


Value Added Tax in Rwanda is 18%.

Offboarding & Termination

Both employee and employer can terminate the contract based on legitimate grounds and justified reasons. If the employee is terminated after one year of employment, then they will be provided with a notice allowance.

The notice period in Rwanda should be between 15 days to 30 days.

In Rwanda, the severance pay bracket is as follows;

  • For less than 5 years of employment, 1 month of salary.
  • For 5 to 10 years of employment, 2 months of salary.
  • For 10 to 15 years of employment, 3 months of salary.
  • For 15 to 20 years of employment, 4 months of salary.
  • For 20 to 25 years of employment, 5 months of salary.
  • For more than 25 years of employment, 6 months of salary.

Visa and Immigration

An individual should issue a work permit from the Directorate General of Immigration and Emigration to work in the Republic of Rwanda. The individual must present all the documents along with the employment contract. However, an employee must apply for a work permit within 15 days if the employee holds the employment contract for more than 90 days.

Rwanda Visa
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Minimum Wage

Overtime Pay

Visa & Immigration