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Eswatini Employment Guide

Your quick guide on talent and labor compliance norms in Eswatini


Mbabane, Lobamba


Swazi lilangeni (SZL); South African Rand (ZAR)


Swazi, English

Payroll Frequency


GDP per Capita


Employer Tax

No contribution

Talent Overview

The Kingdom of Eswatini, formerly known as Swaziland, is a lower middle income country. Their economy relies heavily on the import and export activities they have with South Africa. Both Eswatini and South Africa are a part of the Common Monetary Area (CMA), hence the similarity in their official currencies. Eswatini’s other economic sources include agriculture, mining, and manufacturing.

Major economic hubs:

Mbabane, Manzini, Siteki, and Nhlangano

Skills in demand:

Mining, Education, Medical, and Healthcare

Map 39

Local Universities

The top local universities in Eswatini are as follows:

Uni1 63

University of Eswatini


Local: 1

World: 5096


Uni2 55

Southern African Nazarene University


Local: 2

World: 12276

Uni3 47

Eswatini College of Technology


Local: 3

World: 12934

Uni4 Estwanin

Eswatini Medical Christian University


Local: 4

World: 13392

Estawini Uni 5

Ngwane Teacher’s College


Local: 5

World: 13520

Salary Data

Below are average monthly salaries in Eswatini: 

Job Title Average Monthly Salary (SZL) Average Monthly Salary (USD)
Sales Manager 8,210 486
Accounting Manager 6,710 397
Project Manager 5,030 297
Software Engineer 4,660 275
Data Analyst 4,220 249
User Experience UX Designer 3,210 190
Talentsource 4

Talent Sourcing Tips

Top Local Job Boards:

Jobs Eswatini ; Jobisland ; Indeed

Number of LinkedIn users:


Top Recruitment Agencies:

AM Recruitment Services ; The Team Recruitment Company

Employing in Eswatini

When employing workers from Eswatini, it’s important to know  the country’s Employment Act. The information below will  help employers onboard talented people from the country. 

Employee Contract

In Eswatini, a contract in the local language (Swazi or English) is given in writing to the employee. It should include the terms and conditions of their employment. 

Probation Period

Probation Period in Eswatini should not be longer than 3 months. 

Public and Provincial Holidays 2023

Date Name Type
1 Jan New Year Public Holiday
2 Jan Day off for New Year Public Holiday
7 Apr Good Friday Public Holiday
10 Apr Easter Monday Public Holiday
19 Apr Birthday of King Mswati III Public Holiday
25 Apr National Flag Day Public Holiday
1 May May Day Public Holiday
18 May Ascension Day Public Holiday
22 Jul Birthday of the late King Sobhuza Public Holiday
24 Jul Day off for Birthday of the late King Sobhuza Public Holiday
4 Sep Umhlanga Reed Dance (Tentative Date) Public Holiday
6 Sep Somhlolo Day (Independence Day) Public Holiday
25 Dec Christmas Day Public Holiday
26 Dec Boxing Day Public Holiday
28 Dec Incwala Day Public Holiday

Employee Leaves

Type of Leave Time Period Mandatory
Annual Leave 12 to 15 days Yes
Sick Leave 14 days Yes 
Maternity Leave 12 weeks Yes 


Payroll 1

Payroll Cycle

Wages in Eswatini are distributed every month.

Payroll 2

Minimum Wage

Minimum wages in Eswatini range from SZL 420.00 to SZL 600.00.

Payroll 3

Overtime Pay

In  Eswatini, for each hour of extra work performed by an employee, an overtime rate of 150% shall be applied to their basic rate. If the extra work is performed on a rest day, the overtime rate will be 200%. 


13th-Month Pay

There is no mandatory requirement for a 13th-month pay in Eswatini

Employee Benefits

  • Statutory Leaves
  • Travel allowance
  • Clothing and Uniform allowance
  • Age, Survivor’s and Invalidity Benefits
  • Health Insurance


Employer Payroll Tax

There is no statutory contribution for employer in Eswatini.

Employee Payroll Tax

There is no statutory contribution for employee. However, all the employee must contribute a graded tax (poll tax) of SZL 1.50 per month.

Employee Income Tax

Taxable income (SZL) Tax rate
0 – 100,000 SZL 0 plus 20% of taxable income in excess of SZL 0
100,000 – 150,000 SZL 20,000 plus 25% of taxable income in excess of SZL 100,000
150,000 – 200,000 SZL 32,500 plus 30% of taxable income in excess of SZL 150,000
200,000 and above SZL 47,500 plus 33% of taxable income in excess of SZL 200,000


The Standard VAT in Eswatini is 15%

Offboarding & Termination

An employment contract may be terminated in many circumstances. It can either be due to resignation, unreasonable employee conduct, breach of contract, redundancy, or end of probationary period. In most cases, a notice period must be observed.

For employees during the probationary period, a notice may not be necessary if an employment contract is terminated. For employees outside probationary status, their notice period may last from one week to one month. However, an additional 5 days will be added for every year of service. 

Terminated employees may receive a severance pay equivalent to 10 day’s worth of wages for every year of continuous service, excluding the first year.

Visa and Immigration

To work legally in Eswatini, a foreign employee must secure a work permit. It is a type of temporary residence permit that, when approved, is  valid for 2 years and can be renewed thereafter. 

Visa 8
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Minimum Wage

Overtime Pay

Visa & Immigration