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Eritrea Employment Guide

Your quick guide on talent and labor compliance norms in Eritrea




Eritrean Nakfa (ERN)



Payroll Frequency


GDP per Capita


Employer Tax


Talent Overview

A Horn-of-African country, Eritrea, grew its economy at 3.9% annual rate in the past decade. The mines, particularly gold, silver, zinc, copper, and potash, played a significant part in supporting the growth. In addition to its natural resources, about 70% of the population earns their livelihood from agriculture. Eritrea has an economic freedom score of 39.7, thus making it the 171st freest.

Major economic hubs:

Asmara, Keren, Teseney

Skills in demand:

Agriculture, Beverage industry, Cement industry, textiles and food processing industry

Eritrea Map

Local Universities

The top local universities in Eritrea are as follows:

Eritrea Uni1

Mai Nefhi College of Engineering and Technology


Local: 1

World: 10118

Eritrea Uni2

Orotta College of Medicine and Health Sciences


Local: 2

World: 10723

Eritrea Uni3

College of Business and Social Sciences


Local: 3

World: 14091

Eritrea Uni4

National Medicines and Food Administration, Eritrea


Local: 4

World: 14170

Eritrea Uni5

Asmara College of Education


Local: 5

World: 15399

Salary Data

Some of the popular jobs and their respective monthly salary are discussed here:

Job Title Average Monthly Salary (ERN) Average Monthly Salary (USD)
Accountant 4670 311.33
Financial analyst 8680 578.66
Office manager 5750 383.33
Secretary 2880 192
Business Analyst 8520 568
Eritrea Talentsource

Talent Sourcing Tips

Top Local Job Boards:


Number of LinkedIn users:


Top Recruitment Agencies:


Employing in Eritrea

The employment in Eritrea is governed by the Labour Proclamation of Eritrea (No. 118 of 2001) and International labor convention rules. Read more to understand better the regulations and working conditions prevailing in the country.

Employee Contract:

It is not mandatory to follow a written contract, but it is recommended to have a written employment contract in the Tigrinya language.

Probation period:

Eritrea follows a probationary period of up to six months.

Public and Provincial Holidays 2023

Date Name Type
1 Jan New Year Public Holiday
7 Jan Orthodox Christmas Day Public Holiday
19 Jan Timket Public Holiday
8 Mar Women’s Day Public Holiday
14 Apr Coptic Good Friday Public Holiday
16 Apr Coptic Easter Public Holiday
22 Apr Eid al-Fitr (Tentative Date) Public Holiday
1 May International Workers’ Day Public Holiday
24 May Independence Day Public Holiday
20 Jun Martyrs’ Day Public Holiday
29 Jun Eid al-Adha (Tentative Date) Public Holiday
1 Sep Commencement Day of Eritrean Armed Struggle Public Holiday
12 Sep Geez New Year Public Holiday
27 Sep The Prophet’s Birthday (Tentative Date) Public Holiday
27 Sep Meskel Public Holiday
25 Dec Christmas Day Public Holiday

Employee Leaves

Type of Leave TimePeriod Mandatory
Annual Leave 14 days (increasing with 1 day with each year of service up to 35 days) Yes
Sick Leave Up to 6 months Yes
Maternity Leave 14 weeks Yes


Payroll 1

Payroll Cycle

The country follows a monthly payroll cycle.

Payroll 2

Minimum Wage

Eritrea does not have a country-wide minimum wage. However, the minimum pay in the public sector is 360 ERN.

Payroll 3

Overtime Pay

The standard working hours in Eritrea are 8 hours daily and 48 hours weekly. As per the Labour Proclamation, employees are permitted overtime work for a maximum of 2 hours.


13th Month Pay:

There is no statutory law for 13th month pay in Eritrea

Employee Benefits:

  • Maternity benefits
  • Paid vacation time


Employer Payroll Tax:

There are no employer payroll taxes in Eritrea.

Employee Payroll Tax:

There are no employer payroll taxes in Eritrea.

Employee Income Tax:

In Eritrea, there is 2% flat income tax rate on annual taxable income.


Eritrea follows GST and ranges between 5% and 12%.

Offboarding & Termination

The common grounds for termination include:

  • Mutual agreement between the parties
  • Expiration of employment contract
  • On the grounds of providing false information to the employer
  • Death of employee 

The notice period followed in Eritrea ranges from 3 days to 7 days. 

An employee who has completed a year of service shall be entitled to the following severance pay:

  • Two weeks’ wage for each of the first five years of service
  • Three weeks’ wage for each year from the fifth to the tenth year
  • Four weeks’ wage for each year after the 10th year.

Visa and Immigration

The application is filed directly to the Eritrean Immigration Office in Asmara by the employer. The documents needed include:

  • Visa form B62
  • Passport and photo
  • Evidence of visa fee payment
  •  Expected date of arrival in Eritrea
Eritrea Visa
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Minimum Wage

Overtime Pay

The overtime pay varies according to the following table:

Time of overtime work Overtime pay
6 AM – 10 PM 125% of the regular pay
10 PM – 6 PM 150% of the regular pay
Weekends 200% of the regular pay
Public holidays 250% of the regular pay

Visa & Immigration