Talent Wiki – Zimbabwe

Your quick guide on talent and labor compliance norms in Zimbabwe

Capital

Harare

Currency

Zimbabwean Dollar (ZWL) or United States Dollar (USD).

Languages

Shona, Ndebele, Nambya, English, Southern Sotho, Tshwa, Kalanga

Payroll Frequency

Monthly

GDP per Capita

$ 2143.88 (2023)

Employer Tax

4.5%-5.5%

Talent Overview

Zimbabwe is a developing country with growing GDP. The country holds the  17th position in Africa in terms of GDP. Zimbabwe mainly focuses on agriculture and services for the growth of the economy.

Major economic hubs:

Bulawayo, Harare, Chitungwiza, Mutare

Skills in demand:

Information Technology Manager, Data Analyst, Software developers

Local Universities

The top local universities in Zimbabwe are as follows:

University of Zimbabwe

RANKING

Local: 1

World : 3653

Midlands State University

RANKING

Local: 2

World : 5188

Africa University

RANKING

Local: 3

World : 5823

National University of Science and Technology

RANKING

Local: 4

World : 7443

Bindura University of Science Education

RANKING

Local: 5

World : 8959

Salary Data

The average monthly salary of some jobs available in Zimbabwe is as follows:

Job Title Average Salary (ZWL) Average Salary (USD)
Financial Manager 408,000 1,127.38
Information Technology Manager 273,000 754.35
General Manager 361,000 997.51
Business Development Manager 326,000 900.80
Financial Analyst 279,000 770.93
Business Analyst 242,000 668.69
Project Manager 236,000 652.11

Talent Sourcing Tips

Top Local Job Boards:

Zimbajobs, Jobisland, LinkedIn, Glassdoor

Number of LinkedIn users:

734,700

Top Recruitment Agencies:

Vacancymail, Alljobspo, Careerinafrica

Employing in Zimbabwe

When looking into hiring employees in Zimbabwe, employers must have knowledge of the country’s employment laws, benefits, payroll, and taxes. This section will provide the employer with the basics of what to prepare when onboarding talents from Zimbabwe.

Employee Contract:

The language of the employment contract must be English or the language that is understandable to both parties.

Probation Period:

The probation period in Zimbabwe is 30 days.

Public and Provincial Holidays:

Date Name Type
1 Jan New Year Public Holiday
2 Jan New Year observed Public Holiday
21 Feb Robert Gabriel Mugabe National Youth Day Public Holiday
7 Apr Good Friday Public Holiday
8 Apr Holy Saturday Public Holiday
9 Apr Easter Sunday Public Holiday
10 Apr Easter Monday Public Holiday
18 Apr Independence Day Public Holiday
1 May Workers’ Day Public Holiday
25 May Africa Day Public Holiday
18 Jun Father’s Day Observance
14 Aug Heroes’ Day Public Holiday
15 Aug Defence Forces Day Public Holiday
22 Dec Unity Day Public Holiday
25 Dec Christmas Day Public Holiday
26 Dec Boxing Day Public Holiday

Employee Leaves:

Type of Leave Time Period Mandatory
Annual Leave 30 days Yes
Sick Leave 90 days Yes
Maternity Leave 98 days Yes

 

Payroll

Payroll Cycle

The payroll cycle in Zimbabwe is Monthly.

Minimum Wage

There is no minimum wage in Zimbabwe.

Overtime Pay

Overtime pay is mandatory in Zimbabwe. However, there is no specific remuneration mentioned, and it depends on the mutual agreement.

Bonus

13th Month Pay:

There is no statutory rule for 13th-month pay in Zimbabwe. However, the employees can receive bonuses from the employer.

Employee Benefits:

  • Pension Benefits: This is a contribution from social security to ensure that the employee gets compensation after retirement.
  • Accident Compensation: Based on the industrial classification, the compensation is allocated as an insurance rate after the risk analysis.
  • Periodical Payments for Loss of Earnings: A compensatory income is provided to the employee where it has been lost or stopped by work-related accidents.
  • Medical Costs: NSSS pays all medical costs related to the injury using Association of Health Funders of Zimbabwe (AFHoZ) rates.
  • Lump-Sum: If the employee is permanently disabled, compensation will be paid as a lump sum if the disability is 30% or less and the monthly pension is less than the minimum pension prevailing at the time of assessment.
  • Funeral Grant: Funeral expenses are entitled if there is a death resulting from a work-related accident or disease.

Taxes

Employer Payroll Tax:

Fund Contribution
National Social Security Scheme (NSSS) 4.5%
Manpower Training Levy 1%

Employee Payroll Tax:

Fund Contribution
National Social Security Scheme (NSSS) 4.5%

Employee Income Tax:

If the employee is earning in Zimbabwean Dollar (ZWL), the following table is for taxation;

Annual  Income In Zimbabwe in ZWL Tax Rate (ZWL)
Ranging from 0 to 300,000 0%
Ranging from 300,001 to 720,000 0 + 20% (on additional of each Zimbabwean dollar above 300,000)
Ranging from 720,001 to 1,440,000 84,000 + 25% (on additional of each Zimbabwean dollar above 720,000)
Ranging from 1,440,001 to 2,880,000 264,000 + 30% (on additional of each Zimbabwean dollar above 1,440,001)
Ranging from 2,880,001 to 6,000,000 696,000 + 35% (on additional of each Zimbabwean dollar above 2,880,000)
Ranging from 6,000,001 and above 1,788,000 + 40% (on additional of each Zimbabwean dollar above 6,000,000)

If the employee is earning in United States Dollar (USD), the following table is for taxation;

Annual  Income In Zimbabwe in USD Tax Rate (USD)
Ranging from 0 to 1,200 0%
Ranging from 1,201 to 3,600 0 + 20% (on additional of each Zimbabwean dollar above 1,200)
Ranging from 3,601 to 12,000 480 + 25% (on additional of each Zimbabwean dollar above 3,600)
Ranging from 12,001 to 24,000 2,580 + 30% (on additional of each Zimbabwean dollar above 12,000)
Ranging from 24,001 to 36,000 6,180 + 35% (on additional of each Zimbabwean dollar above 24,000)
Ranging from 36,001 and above 10,380 + 40% (on additional of each Zimbabwean dollar above 36,000)

VAT:

In Zimbabwe the standard rate of VAT is 14.5%.

Offboarding & Termination

Either the employee or the employer can terminate the employment contract with a notice period based on the years of service. If there is any misconduct on the employee’s part, the employer can terminate the contract without notice.

The notice period in Zimbabwe is 30 days.

The severance pay in Zimbabwe is three months of pay per year.

Visa and Immigration

A foreign individual will require a permit and visa to work from Zimbabwe. However, there are three categories of visas in Zimbabwe.

Streamline payroll and compliance for your international workforce

Payroll

Minimum Wage

Overtime Pay

Visa & Immigration

Type of Visa Condition
Category A This visa is for individuals who can travel within the country.
Category B This visa is only for EU individuals and can be availed upon arrival.
Category C This visa is for other countries and will require to be applied before entering the country.