Talent Wiki – Yemen

Your quick guide on talent and labor compliance norms in Yemen

Capital

Sana’a

Currency

Yemeni Rial

Languages

Arabic

Payroll Frequency

Monthly

GDP per Capita

$ 967.60

Employer Tax

9%

Talent Overview

Yemen, in spite of its rich oil reserves and fertile agricultural land, has one of the lowest poverty scores in the world. More than 80% of their population lives below the poverty line due in part to a myriad of geopolitical and civil issues. Yemen’s economy detracted by 50% since the beginning of the civil war from March 2015 to October 2018.

Major economic hubs:

Sana’a

Skills in demand:

Logistics Professionals, Customer Service Professionals, Medical Professionals, Legal Professionals, Marketing Professionals, Information Technology, Professionals Engineering Professionals, Teaching Professionals

Local Universities

The top local universities in Yemen are as follows:

Queen Arwa University

RANKING

Local: 1

World : 6382

University of Science and Technology

RANKING

Local: 2

World : 6878

Sana’a University

RANKING

Local: 3

World : 7676

Al-Ahgaff University

RANKING

Local: 4

World : 9476

Al-Razi University

RANKING

Local: 5

World : 9624

Salary Data

Below are the average monthly salary for the following jobs in Yemen:

Job Title Salary Average (in YER) Salary Average (in USD)
Executive Director 71,500 286
Chief Financial Officer 72,200 288
Information Technology Manager 56,500 226
Database Administrator 32,400 129
Developer / Programmer 31,000 124
Network Engineer 30,000 120
General Manager 59,000 236

Talent Sourcing Tips

Top Local Job Boards:

Bayt, Tanqeeb, YemenHR

Number of LinkedIn users:

431,800

Top Recruitment Agencies:

Michael Page, Black & Grey HR, Quest Search and Selection

Employing in Yemen

Hiring employees in Yemen is fairly straightforward when you have a strong grasp on its employment laws, benefits, payroll, and tax systems. You can better your knowledge for hiring and onboarding talents in Yemen successfully.

Employee Contract:

Employment contracts in Yemen can be either oral or written though written contracts must be given to employees at the start of their employment. The written contracts must be in Arabic.

Public and Provincial Holidays

Date Name Type
8 Apr Eid al-Fitr holiday (Tentative Date) Public Holiday
9 Apr Eid al-Fitr Eve (Tentative Date) Public Holiday
10 Apr Eid al-Fitr (Tentative Date) Public Holiday
11 Apr Eid al-Fitr holiday (Tentative Date) Public Holiday
1 May May Day Public Holiday
22 May Unity Day Public Holiday
16 Jun Eid al-Adha Eve (Tentative Date) Public Holiday
17 Jun Eid al-Adha (Tentative Date) Public Holiday
18 Jun Eid al-Adha holiday (Tentative Date) Public Holiday
19 Jun Eid al-Adha holiday (Tentative Date) Public Holiday
20 Jun Eid al-Adha holiday (Tentative Date) Public Holiday
8 Jul Muharram (Tentative Date) Public Holiday
26 Sep Revolution Day Public Holiday
14 Oct Liberation Day Public Holiday
30 Nov Independence Day Public Holiday

Payroll

Payroll Cycle

The employees are paid on a monthly basis.

Minimum Wage

The minimum wage in Yemen is 21000 Yemeni Rial or 83.92 USD per month

Overtime Pay

Employees are entitled to 150% of the normal rate for overtime and 200% for overnight overtime schedules.

Bonus

13th Month Pay:

There is no provision for a 13th-month pay in Yemen.

Employee Benefits:

  • Retirement Plan
  • Pension
  • Maternity Benefits
  • Survivorship Benefits

Taxes

Employer Payroll Tax

Type Rate
Social Security System  6% for Public-sector program9% for Private-sector program

Employee Payroll Tax

Type Rate
Social Security System  6% for both Public-sector program and Private-sector program

Employee Income Tax

Individuals are taxed with a rate of 10% to 15% with the exempt annual income ceiling of YER 120,000. Non-residents on the other hand are taxed at a 20% rate.

VAT

The VAT in Yemen is 5%.

Offboarding & Termination

An employment contract can be terminated with or without notice and be based on reasons under the provisions of the Labour Code. The notice period is calculated based on the payment of wages.

For salaried employees based on a monthly salary and hourly, weekly, or production-based employees but paid monthly, the notice period is 30 days. For fortnight-scheduled salaried employees, the notice period is 15 days.

Workers are entitled to a monthly pension or lump sum payment depending on the Social Insurance Act.

If an employee is not covered under the Social Insurance Act, the pay is one month’s worth of salary per year of service. The salary is based on the last received payment by the employee.

If an employee resigns without notice because of the employer’s misconduct, then the employee is entitled to a maximum of six months’ worth of salary payment.

Visa and Immigration

Business Visas in Yemen are largely straightforward. You just need to have a genuine certificate of invitation from a genuine company in Yemen. You also need to have a strong reason to return to your home country and can bear the expenses of traveling to Yemen. The visa is only valid for one entry and you can stay for up to one month in the country.

Streamline payroll and compliance for your international workforce

Payroll

Minimum Wage

Overtime Pay

Visa & Immigration