Multiplier Logo white

Talent Wiki - Turkey

Your quick guide on talent and labor compliance norms in Turkey

Capital

Ankara

Currency

Turkish Lira (TRY)

Languages

Turkish, Kurdish, Arabic, Zazaki

Payroll Frequency

Monthly

GDP per Capita

$8,241.22

Employer Tax

22.5%

Talent Overview

The Republic of Turkey is located in the Anatolian Peninsula in Western Asia and a small portion in the Balkan Peninsula in Southeast Europe. The country is considered one of the world’s newly industrialized countries and ranks as the 20th largest nominal GDP in the world. The freedom score of Turkey is 56.9, making the economy 107th freest in the 2022 list.

Major economic hubs:

Istanbul, Ankara, Izmir, Bursa

Skills in demand:

IT Specialist, Project Manager, Business Analyst, Engineer

Local Universities

The table below mentions all the top local Universities with world rank in Turkey:

Bogaziçi Üniversitesi (Bogaziçi University)

RANKING

Local: 1

World : 263

Anadolu Üniversitesi (Anadolu University)

RANKING

Local: 2

World : 370

Istanbul Üniversitesi (Istanbul University)

RANKING

Local: 3

World : 461

Orta Dogu Teknik Üniversitesi (Middle East Technical University)

RANKING

Local: 4

World : 477

Istanbul Teknik Üniversitesi (Istanbul Technical University)

RANKING

Local: 5

World : 562

Salary Data

The average monthly salaries with job titles in Turkey are mentioned below:

Job Title Average Monthly Salary (TRY) Average Monthly Salary (USD)
Financial Manager 15,800 TRY 840.76 USD
General Manager 13,900 TRY 739.65 USD
Business Development Manager 12,300 TRY 654.51 USD
Financial Analyst 10,400 TRY 553.41 USD
Business Analyst 9,970 TRY 530.53 USD
Project Manager 8,690 TRY 462.42 USD

Talent Sourcing Tips

Top Local Job Boards:

Yenibiris, Kariyer, Indeed

Number of LinkedIn users:

13,150,000

Top Recruitment Agencies:

GiniTalent, OneWorld Consulting, TempoEast

Employing in Turkey

The employer must know about the labor laws, social security, benefits, deductions, and allowances while onboarding an individual from Turkey. This section will provide employers with all the required information when taking in workers from the country.

Employee Contract

According to Turkish Labor Law, the employment contract must be in Turkish or any other language understood by both parties.

Probation period

The probation period in Turkey is up to 60 days.

Public and Provincial Holidays 2023

Date Holiday Type
1 Jan New Year’s Day National Holiday
21 Apr Ramazan Bayrami Holiday National Holiday
22 Apr Ramazan Bayrami Holiday National Holiday
23 Apr Ramazan Bayrami Holiday/ Children’s day National Holiday
1 May Labour Day National Holiday
19 May Youth and Sports Day National Holiday
28 Jun Kurban Bayramı Holiday National Holiday
29 Jun Kurban Bayramı Holiday National Holiday
30 Jun Kurban Bayramı Holiday National Holiday
1 Jul Kurban Bayramı Holiday National Holiday
15 Jul Democracy and National Solidarity Day National Holiday
30 Aug Victory Day National Holiday
29 Oct Republic Day National Holiday

Employee Leaves

Type of Leave Time Period Mandatory
Annual/Earned Leave 14-26 days Yes
Sick Leave 42 days Yes
Maternity Leave 56 days Yes

 

Payroll

Payroll Cycle

The payroll cycle in Turkey is monthly.

Minimum Wage

In Turkey, the monthly minimum wage is 8,506.80 TRY net, and 10,008 TRY gross.

Overtime Pay

The overtime pay in Turkey is 50% of the regular pay.

Bonus

13th Month Pay

The 13th month’s pay is not mandatory. However, the employer can provide annual or quarterly bonuses.

Employee Benefits

Employers may offer the following additional benefits to their employees:

  • Meal Cash allowance
  • Company Car
  • Private Health care
  • Pension

Taxes

Employer Payroll Tax

Category Tax rate
Social Security Insurance 2%
Disability and Old-age Insurance 11%
Health Insurance 7.5%
Unemployment Insurance 1%

Employee Payroll Tax

Category Tax rate
Disability and Old-age Insurance 9%
Health Insurance 5%
Unemployment Insurance 2%

Employee Income Tax

Annual Income in TRY Tax Rate
0 – 32,000 15%
32,000 – 70,000 20%
70,000 – 250,000 27%
250,000 – 880,000 35%
880,000 and above 40%

Stamp Tax

There is a stamp tax of 0.759% calculated via payroll.

VAT

The Standard rate of Value Added Tax in Turkey is 18%.

Offboarding & Termination

According to Turkish laws, the contract can be terminated based on three ways—the employer can terminate, the employee can terminate, or the contract is automatically terminated. However, the terminating party has to provide a notice for the end of employment.

The notice period is dependent based on the length of the employment,

Years of Employment Notice Period
Less than 6 months of employment 2 weeks
From 6 months to 1 year and 6 months 4 weeks
From 1 year and 6 months to 3 years 6 weeks
For more than 3 years 8 weeks

The severance pay in Turkey is one month of salary for each year worked after completion of one year of employment.

Visa and Immigration

In order to work in Turkey, the employee must apply for a work permit at the nearest Turkish Mission and provide with necessary personal documents along with a letter from the employer. Your employer must submit the other documents to the Turkish Ministry of Labor and Social Security (MLSS).

Streamline payroll and compliance for your international workforce

Payroll

Minimum Wage

Overtime Pay

Visa & Immigration