Talent Wiki – Egypt

Your quick guide on talent and labor compliance norms in Egypt

Capital

Cairo

Currency

Egyptian Pound (EGP)

Languages

Arabic, English

Payroll Frequency

Monthly

GDP per Capita

$3,399.27

Employer Tax

18.75%

Talent Overview

The country of Egypt is a developing one with a diverse economy. It has the 3rd largest economy in Africa and the 33rd largest by nominal GDP globally. Liberal economic policies have strengthened the economic conditions of the country.

Major economic hubs:

Cairo, Luxor, Aswan, Alexandria

Skills in demand:

Machine Learning, Python, IT skills

Local Universities

The top local universities in Egypt are as follows:

The American University in Cairo

Ranking

Local: 1

World: 909

Cairo University

Ranking

Local: 2

World: 1231

Mansoura University

Ranking

Local: 3

World: 1617

Ain Shams University

Ranking

Local: 4

World: 2039

Alexandria University

Ranking

Local: 5

World: 2301

Salary Data

Monthly salary information on some top jobs in Egypt:

Job Title Average Monthly Salary (EGP) Average Monthly Salary (USD)
Accountant  6,350 EGP 206 USD
Administrative Assistant 4,640 EGP 151 USD
Graphic Designer 5,700 EGP 185 USD
Business Analyst 11,600 EGP 377 USD
Customer Service Manager 12,100 EGP 393 USD
Human Resource Manager 13,700 EGP 445 USD

Talent Sourcing Tips

Top Local Job Boards

Wuzzuf.net, Edarabia, Indeed

Number of LinkedIn users

9,010,000

Top Recruitment Agencies

El Maaly, Climaxir, JobR

Employing in Egypt

Egyptian labor laws favor employees and prohibit wage discrimination based on sex, origin, language, religion, or creed. It is based on equal opportunity for all. Below is information on the laws that employers must observe in Egypt.

Employee Contract: Employment contracts in Egypt need to be in writing, and the language of use should be Arabic. The employer, employee, and social insurance office will keep a copy of the contract.

Probation Period

The usual probationary period followed in Egypt is 1 to 3 months.

Public and Provincial Holidays

Date Name Type
7 Jan Coptic Christmas Day National holiday
25 Jan Revolution Day January 25 National holiday
10 Apr Eid el Fitr (Tentative Date) National holiday
11 Apr Eid el Fitr Holiday (Tentative Date) National holiday
12 Apr Eid el Fitr Holiday (Tentative Date) National holiday
25 Apr Sinai Liberation Day National holiday
1 May Labor Day National holiday
6 May Spring Festival National holiday
16 Jun Arafat Day (Tentative Date) National holiday
17 Jun Eid al-Adha (Tentative Date) National holiday
18 Jun Eid al-Adha Holiday (Tentative Date) National holiday
19 Jun Eid al-Adha Holiday (Tentative Date) National holiday
30 Jun June 30 Revolution National holiday
4 Jul Day off for June 30 Revolution National holiday
8 Jul Muharram (Tentative Date) National holiday
23 Jul Revolution Day July 23 National holiday
25 Jul Day off for Revolution Day July 23 National holiday
16 Sep Prophet Mohamed’s Birthday (Tentative Date) National holiday
6 Oct Armed Forces Day National holiday
10 Oct Day off for Armed Forces Day National holiday

Employee Leaves

Type of Leave Time Period Mandatory
Annual/Earned Leave 21 days Yes
Sick Leave 90 days Yes
Maternity Leave 13 weeks Yes

Payroll

Payroll Cycle

The employee must be paid monthly, usually, on the 5th of every month.

Minimum Wage

The official minimum wage is EGP 2,700 per month.

Overtime Pay

The standard working hours in Egypt is 8 hours per day and 48 hours per week. Overtime is allowed in the country and its compensation varies as per the table below:

Bonus

13th Month Pay

There is no provision for the 13th-month salary in Egypt.

Employee Benefits

Egyptian employees are entitled to the following during their employment:

  • Maternity leave
  • Social Security
  • Free Healthcare

Taxes

Employer Payroll Tax

Type of Contribution Contribution
Social Security Contribution 18.75% (Minimum wage: 1400, Maximum wage: 9,400)

Employee Payroll Tax

Type of Contribution Contribution
Social Security Contribution 11% (Minimum wage: 1,400, Maximum wage: 9,400)

Employee Income Tax

Annual Taxable Income Tax rate %
From 0 to 15,000 0
15,000 to 30,000 2.5%
30,000 to 45,000 10%
45,000 to 60,000 15%
60,000 to 200,000 20%
200,000 to 400,000 22.5%
More than 400,000 25%

VAT

The standard rate of VAT followed is 14%.

Offboarding & Termination

When terminating an employment contract without legitimate and adequate justification, either of the parties shall compensate the affected one.

An employer in Egypt cannot dismiss a worker except when the worker is involved in a serious offense. In dismissals due to offense, the employer has to submit a request to a committee to decide on the dismissal.

Termination of employment in Egypt is only allowed on the following grounds of a fundamental breach of contract, which is outlined as follows:

  • False Identification
  • Consecutive Absence
  • Professional Incompetence
  • Violation of safety instructions

According to the New Labor Law, the employment shall terminate at the expiry of a fixed-term contract or with the completion of the task for which the contract was made. Both parties can terminate an open-ended contract, provided that the notice period and writing procedures are respected.

The notice period during probation is 7 to 10 days, while for permanent employees, it is two to three months.

No statutory severance pay is mentioned unless mentioned in the contract.

Visa and Immigration

Foreign employees will need a work permit from the Ministry of Manpower to work legally in Egypt. The processing usually takes a month and is valid for one year.

Streamline payroll and compliance for your international workforce

Payroll

Minimum Wage

Overtime Pay

Overtime Period Overtime Pay
Daylight 135% of the regular hourly wage
Night time 170% of the regular hourly wage
Rest days or public holidays 200% of the regular hourly wage

Visa & Immigration