Talent Wiki – Afghanistan

Your quick guide on talent and labor compliance norms in Afghanistan

Capital

Kabul

Currency

Afghan Afghani (AFN)

Languages

Pashto, Persian

Payroll Frequency

Alternate payroll schedules (Weekly, Semi-Monthly and Monthly)

GDP per Capita

$426.23

Employer Tax

0%

Talent Overview

Afghanistan has a nominal GDP of $21.7 billion and a GDP per capita of $2024 based on purchasing power parity.  Agriculture and mining are significant sources of income for most of the people of Afghanistan.

Major economic hubs:

Kabul, Kandahar, Herat, Jalalabad

Skills in demand:

Construction skills, Agriculture skills

Local Universities

The top local universities in Afghanistan are as follows:

The American University of Afghanistan

Ranking

Local: 1

World: 5669

Kabul University

Ranking

Local: 2

World: 8655

Kardan University

Ranking

Local: 3

World: 9774

Herat University

Ranking

Local: 4

World: 10006

Kabul Polytechnic University

Ranking

Local: 5

World: 10724

Salary Data

Some of the top jobs and their corresponding monthly salaries are as follows:

Job Title Average monthly Salary (AFN) Average Monthly Salary (USD)
Financial Analyst 99,700 1,164
Administrative Assistant 41,100 480
Business Project Manager 89,200 1,041
Human Resource Officer 49,000 572
Network Engineer 73,200 855

Talent Sourcing Tips

Top Local Job Boards

Acbar, JobsAf, AfghanJobs

Number of LinkedIn users

468,100

Top Recruitment Agencies

Talent International Recruitment, FSI, MRC

Employing in Afghanistan

Afghanistan offers excellent potential for employers as it helps establish low-cost branches to gain access to its market. Learn more about the employment laws and regulations in Afghanistan below.

Employee Contract

Pashto and Dari are the common languages in use. Dari was previously used for government communications. Now with the Taliban in power, Pashto is promoted for official usage.

Probation Period

The probationary period for employees in Afghanistan is up to three months.

Public and Provincial Holidays

Date Name Type
15 Feb Liberation Day Public Holiday
11 Mar First Day of Ramadan (Tentative Date) Public Holiday
10 Apr Eid al-Fitr (Tentative Date) Public Holiday
11 Apr Eid al-Fitr Holiday (Tentative Date) Public Holiday
12 Apr Eid al-Fitr Holiday (Tentative Date) Public Holiday
28 Apr Afghan Victory Day Public Holiday
1 May Labor Day Public Holiday
16 Jun Day of Arafat (Tentative Date) Public Holiday
17 Jun Eid al-Qurban (Tentative Date) Public Holiday
18 Jun Eid al-Qurban Holiday (Tentative Date) Public Holiday
19 Jun Eid al-Qurban Holiday (Tentative Date) Public Holiday
17 Jul Ashura (Tentative Date) Public Holiday
19 Aug Independence Day (National Day) Public Holiday
31 Aug Anniversary of the Withdrawal of Foreign Troops Public Holiday
9 Sep Martyrs and Ahmad Shah Masoud Day Public Holiday
16 Sep The Prophet’s Birthday (Tentative Date) Public Holiday

Employee Leaves

Type of Leave Time Period Mandatory
Annual Leave 20 days Yes
Sick Leave 3 days Yes
Maternity Leave 90 days Yes

Payroll

Payroll Cycle

Afghan follows alternate payroll schedules – weekly, semi-monthly, and monthly.

Minimum Wage

There is no minimum wage for a permanent worker in the private sector. However, the minimum wage for a permanent worker in the government sector is AFN 6000 per month. For a nonpermanent private sector employee, the minimum wage is 5500 AFN.

Overtime Pay

Employees who work overtime are entitled to a 25% increase in their wages for hours worked, and 50% for overtime worked on public holidays.

Bonus

13th Month Pay

There is no provision for a 13th-month salary.

Employee Benefits

  • Maternity Leave
  • Social Security
  • Health Insurance
  • Pension Fund
  • Hajj Pilgrimage Leave

Taxes

Employer Payroll Tax

Employers are not expected to pay any taxes regarding their employers or their salaries.

Employee Payroll Tax

There is no statutory contribution for an employee in Afghanistan.

Employee Income Tax

For monthly income, the following tax rates are considered:

Taxable income range (AFN) Tax rate
0 – 5000 0%
5000 – 12500 2%
12500 – 100,000 10% + AFN 150
Above 100,000 20% + AFN 8900

VAT

Afghanistan follows a standard VAT rate of ​​10%.

Offboarding & Termination

Termination of employment may occur in the following situations:

  • Mutual agreement
  • Completion of a fixed-term contract
  • Retirement
  • Demise
  • Disability affecting the performance of work
  • Reduction in staff by employer
  • Imprisonment
  • Breach of disciplinary rules
  • Refusal to work after reassignment
  • Unsatisfactory probation performance

As per mutual discussion between the employer and the employee and the labor code of the country.

Severance pay in Afghanistan is mandatory and payable based on the duration of the service as follows:

  • One month’s salary – Duration of service is up to one year
  • Two month’s salary – Duration of service is between two to five years
  • Three month’s salary – Duration of service is between five to ten years
  • Four month’s salary – Duration of service is above ten years

Visa and Immigration

If a foreigner is to work in Afghanistan, the following documents are needed:

  • Valid visa
  • Work permit from the Ministry of Labor and social affairs, approved by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs
  • Health Certificate from home country and Ministry of Public Health.
  • A stay permit.

Streamline payroll and compliance for your international workforce

Payroll

Minimum Wage

Overtime Pay

Visa & Immigration